Inmobiliaria -Vocabulario Inglés

vocabulario inglés por inmobiliaria

Buyer: that’s you!
Seller: someone who is selling their property, usually through an estate agent.
Vendor: this is another term for the seller.
First Time Buyer: an individual who has never bought or owned a property before. Renting a property does not count as buying or owning.
Freehold: a type of occupancy which means you own the building and the land it sits on.
Leasehold: this is where you own the property but not the land it is built on – for example, you may own a flat, but not the building it sits in.
Commonhold: an alternative system to leasehold usually in place in buildings or estates of multiple occupancy (such as a block of flats), whereby you own the freehold to your property, and all property owners collectively help manage the upkeep of the building or estate (such as all chipping in to repair part of the building).
Deposit: a set amount of money which acts to secure a purchase, usually at a low percentage of the full price. Paying this usually means you are committed to going through with a purchase and will pay the rest of the amount off later.
Mortgage: a loan of money used to pay for a property, which you pay back over time with interest to whoever lent you the money. The property itself is considered collateral, which means if you don’t keep up with your repayments, it can be seized and sold to make back the money.
Bridging loan: a temporary short-term loan which enables a buyer to purchase a property before selling their existing property.
Equity: equity, or capital, represents the amount of money a homeowner has put into a property. This value is built up over time as the owner pays off the mortgage and the market value of the property appreciates.
Surveyor: in the context of property, they are a qualified expert who specialises in examining and highlighting any potential issues or benefits within a property, that may affect its price or need fixing in future.
Building survey: a report into the physical state of the property, this is also sometimes referred to as a full structural survey.
Covenant: a covenant is a provision or promise that has been written into a deed which may affect or limit the use of the property or land. There are two different types of covenant, positive and restrictive. A positive covenant is an obligation which requires some form of action (such as maintain a fence or wall), whereas a restrictive covenant limits or prevents the use of land in a specified way.
Easement: an easement is the right of one landowner to make use of another nearby piece of land for the benefit of their own land, for example, a private right of way.
Chain: a chain is formed when several property sales and purchases are inter-dependent. A chain can be complicated but a good estate agent will be able to help keep it moving.
EPC: an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) shows the efficiency of a property and gives an indication of how much the energy bills will cost. It is displayed as two graphs – the energy efficiency, and the environmental impact of the property. Each is graded from A (the best) to G (the worst).
Under offer: if a property is under offer it means that the seller has accepted an offer from the buyer but the contracts have not yet been exchanged.
Gazumping: when a higher offer is made by another party and is accepted, sometimes even after the offer with the first buyer has been accepted.
Gazundering: when a buyer lowers their offer price, usually at the last minute, so the seller has to accept the lower price or reject and risk having to find another buyer.
Exchange of contracts: the point where both parties are committed to the transaction; both the buyer and seller can walk away at any point before the contracts have been exchanged.
Conveyancer: a solicitor specialising in the transfer of home ownership. They are required if you are using a mortgage and will cover every legal aspect of the home purchasing process.
Solicitor: someone who deals professionally with legal matters, also known as a lawyer, and holds a recognised qualification or degree in law.
Title: the legal right of owning a property or land.
Deeds: Documents that show who owns the title of a property or land, along with any burdens (obligations/responsibilities) on the property e.g. what you can/cannot alter on the property, any access and rights of way on the property. Usually held by the mortgage lender until you pay off your property, where it can then be held by you or your solicitor.
Land Registry: the Government’s database of who owns what property and land. Be aware that there are separate registries for Scotland, Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK.
New Build: usually this refers to a property that hasn’t been purchased or lived in yet and has recently been built. However different banks and lenders have different definitions, which can vary from whether the property has been lived in, but not bought, whether it has been converted or refurbished, or whether it has been finished within a certain amount of years.
Completion date: when the transaction is complete and ownership of the property passes from the seller to the buyer. Normally, the vendor’s solicitor will ask the estate agent to release the keys to the buyer at this time.
Snagging: snagging is where the developer of new build properties touches up paintwork, adjusts appliances and fixes any other faults within the property. A snagging survey is usually completed prior to the buyer moving in, in order to spot minor cosmetic issues and check the quality of workmanship.
Standard Security: in Scotland, this is the form that confirms to your mortgage lender that they can repossess your home if you don’t keep up with your payments.
Stamp Duty: a lump-sum tax that anyone buying a property or land over a certain price in England, Northern Ireland and Wales must pay. The current threshold for residential properties is £125,000 and £150,000 for non-residential land and properties, however, the rate you pay will vary depending on the overall purchase price.
Land Transaction Tax: land tax replaced Stamp Duty in Wales from April 2018. Buyers looking to purchase in Wales will be charged land transaction tax on any residential purchase above £180,000 and above £150,000 for non-residential purchases, however, the price you pay varies depending on the overall cost of the property.
Land & Building Transaction Tax: the tax you pay when purchasing land or property in Scotland. The current threshold is £145,000 for residential properties and £150,000 for non-residential land and properties, however the rate payable is subject to the total purchase cost. 
Base rate: the interest rate which is set by the Bank of England for lending to other banks. It is generally used as a benchmark for the interest rates banks charge when lending money to customers.
Fixed-rate mortgage: with a fixed-rate mortgage, you pay a set rate of interest on your mortgage for a fixed period, so you know exactly what you’ll be paying each month.
Tracker mortgage: this is a mortgage with an interest rate linked to the Bank of England rate or another base rate. The interest rate will go up and down depending on this rate, irrespective of the mortgage lender.
Variable-rate mortgage: with a variable rate mortgage, the interest rate can change at any time. They are partly influenced by the Bank of England base rate but other factors come into play as well. The interest rate you pay on a variable rate mortgage can change even without base rate moving and similarly base rate might come down but your mortgage rate stays the same

Vocabulario Inglés – dinero

When you have money

Idioms

You can…
Live the high life
Have a high standard of living
Lead a jetset lifestyle
Be a jetsetter
Be a self-made millionaire/billionaire
Be a self-made man/woman


You can also be …
Rolling in money
Have money to burn
Be a cash magnet

Adjectives for people with a lot of money

You can be…
Wealthy
Rich
Loaded
Minted
Blessed
Prosperous
Affluent
Well off
Comfortable
Comfortably off/well off
Filthy rich
Stinking rich
Rolling in it

Adjectives for people with little or no money

You ca be…
Hard up
Broke
Skint
Brassic
Penniless
Poor
Impoverished
Destitute
Poverty stricken

Idioms for people with little or no money

You can be…
On the bones of your arse
On a tight budget
On the breadline
Living on a shoestring
Find it hard to live within your means
Be a little short
Find it hard to make ends meet

Shopping and spending idioms

You can…
Spend money like water
Fritter money away
Be a spendaholic
Be a shopaholic
Indulge in retail therapy
Shop till you drop
Go window shoppingGo on a shopping trip/excursion/spree

You can…
Pay in cash
Pay by credit card
Put it on the plastic
Buy on the never never
Take out Hire Purchase
Pay in instalments
Take out a loan

Personal characteristics

You can be…
Generous
Giving
Philanthropic
Unselfish
Charitable


Or…
Mean
Miserly
Stingy
Tight
Tight fisted
Uncharitable
Ungenerous

Nouns for money

Cash
Readies
Moolah
Notes
Greenbacks (USA)
Dosh


Specific amounts in English
1 GBP – a quid
5 GBP – a fiver
10 GBP – a tenner
100 GBP – a ton
1000 GBP – a grand

Vocabulario inglés – stupidity

Fool word family

fool concrete noun / verb
foolishness noun
foolish adjective
foolishly adverb

Fool idioms and compounds

Tom foolery
Play the fool
Fool around ( + with – sexual in meaning)
Fools rush in where angles fear to tread

Idiocy word family

Idiot concrete noun
idiocy noun
idiotic adjective
Idiotically adverb

Idiocy idioms and compounds

Village idiot

Retard word family

retard concrete noun / verb
retardation noun
retarded adjective

Other nouns and idioms

Twit concrete noun
Imbecile concrete noun
Daft as a brush
Soft in the head
A penny short
Not the brightest button in the box
Dumb (adj.)
Thick (adj.)
Thick as two short planks
Thick as pigshit
Dense
Knucklehead
Dunce
Dumbass
Dipstick
Dipshit
Noodlehead
Blonde
Bonehead
Brainless (adj.)
Gormless (adj.)
Bit of a Boris
Bit of a Trump

Linkers en inglés B2 FCE/C1 CAE

Contrast linkers in English

In spite of / Despite 
Link two contrasting ideas. Followed by a noun phrase.
Despite leaving early we missed the train
We enjoyed the holiday in spite of the rain.

Although / (Even) though 
Link two contrasting ideas. Followed by a sentence. 
Even though many scientists believe in quantum theory, a small group disagree.

However / Nevertheless / Still /Yet / Even so / On the contrary / In contrast to
Introduce a new idea which marks a contrast with previously stated ideas. Introduced by a comma. 
In contrast to popular opinion, it seems likely that our extinction is close at hand.

On the one hand … On the other hand.
Links two contrasting ideas / paragraphs. 

Whereas 
Link two contrasting ideas. Not separated by commas. 
I like boys whereas Pedro likes girls.

Reason and Cause

Because / As / Since / Seeing that 
Introduce a concept, idea, rebuff.
Since it is well known that English is an important language, many people study it.

Because of / On account of / Owing to / Due to.
Introduce a noun phrase, consequence. 
Flights have been cancelled due to the weather.

Purpose

In order to / So as to 
Introduce an infinitive of purpose/reason.
A questionnaire was created so as to gather opinions.

Consequence

Consequently / As a consequence / As a result / Therefore / As a consequence of / As a result of – Followed by a noun phrase. 
As a consequence of recent weather all local trains have been cancelled.

Addition

Moreover / Furthermore / In addition / Besides / What’s more 
Used after a strong pause and separated from the sentences. They are introduced by a comma. 
Most people dislike politics, what’s more many actively disengage from it.

As well as / In addition to / Besides 
Used to add  one more piece of information. Followed by a noun phrase. 
As well as questioning students, teachers and other members of staff were approached.

Exemplification

For example / For instance 
Introduces an example referring to previously stated ideas. 

Such as 
Introduces an example referring to the last idea.
I like lots of types of music, such as rap.

 

Vocabulario para la muerte

Words connected with death

Get over + something (-), examples – a death, a shock, a tragedy, a divorce a cold, the flu

Expressions meaning to calm down when over emotional.
Get over yourself
Pull yourself together

Chill out

There are lots of vocabulary for death and bereavement.
Death (noun)
Deathly (adverb)
Dead (the) (noun)
Dead (adj.)
Deathless (adj.)
Die (verb)

Compound adj.  noun + verb
Death defying – to survive death
Compound adj. verb + adverb
Die hard – difficult to die

Come to terms with a death.’

Bereavement (noun)
Bereaved (c. noun)
Bereaved (adj.)
‘Get over a bereavement.’


Grief (noun)
Grieve (verb)
Grieving (adj.)
Grieved (adj.)
Aggrieved (adj.)

Be stricken with, struggle with, cope with, overcome grief.

Mourning (noun)
Mourner (noun)
Mourn (verb)
Be in/out of mourning.

We have many many expressions connected with death, as in most cultures.

Cómo aprender más palabras en inglés – todos niveles

Learning new English words is essential not only for the exam, but to help your speech sound more natural and fluent. The wrong word, or word form, dropped by mistake into a conversation can be at best confusing, and at worst embarrassing.

Reading books for pleasure and learning English
All English is here…

Secret to success!

Reading

Whether in the classroom or in everyday life the printed page is a treasure trove of vocabulary of all types. If your teacher sets a reading exercise for homework don’t simply answer the task questions, use the opportunity to look up any words that you don’t recognise and pay attention to other structures such as verb/noun patterns, collocations etc.

Vocabulary can be split into certain groups, and keeping a written record of these groups will really help when it comes to revision for an exam or any occasion when you need to communicate in English.

Word groups

Keep groups simple so it is easier to remember them, and group them as follows.

GeneralTopic based nouns/verbs/phrasal verbs – examples,
Topic – Technology, online forum, download, look up etc.

General – object nouns – examples, power tool, blusher, waistband etc.

General – phrasal verbs/idioms/collocations – examples, set out, talk of the town, bitter disappointment etc

Word Families – examples, memory (n), memorise (v), memorable (adj.) etc.

Verb Patterns – examples, depend on + ing., decide + inf., used to + ing., etc.

Noun Patterns – examples, difference between, contrast to, etc.

Connectors/Linkers – examples, in spite of + ing/noun, nevertheless + ing etc.

All of these types are found in all forms of written English, but to find as many new words as possible read different types of text, for example scientific articles, fashion magazine articles, narrative fiction, newspapers stories, technical instructions, etc. In the classroom most reading exercises are taken from a wide variety of sources, but you can help yourself and use the internet which has billions of texts, for free.

How to quickly check the meaning of a word, phrasal verb or idiom in English

Very easily, simply enter the word followed by definition into Google and you should be given not only the definition but also synonyms, antonyms etc.

For an even easier way to check the meaning of a general noun simply type the word into Google search followed by the word images.

Phrasal Verbs – relationships

​Two people who have a good relationship are often said to get on (well/great/badly) with: I get on really well with both of my brothers.

Meanwhile, people who stop being friends after an argument are frequently said to fall out: The brothers fell out over money.

Our relationships are very important to us so we talk about them a lot. Often, to describe the way we feel about a person, or something that has happened to a relationship, we use phrasal verbs.

Some are used for talking about romantic relationships and others relate to friends and family members. All are common.

Let’s start with the first time we meet another person. If we like them, we may say that we take to them and if, (as sometimes happens), we decide that we do not like them, we may say that we take against them: I hadn’t met Jamie’s girlfriend before but I really took to her – I thought she was lovely./Tom took against Rebecca because she said something bad about his friend.

If we very much like someone that we have just met and become friendly immediately, we sometimes use the informal phrasal verb hit it off: I introduced Jake to Ollie and they really hit it off. (Notice that ‘it’ is always part of this phrase. This is true for a small group of phrasal verbs.)

If one particular thing about a person you have just met makes you not like them, you may say that it puts you off them: Kate’s husband was very rude to our waiter and it put me off him a bit.

Looking now at phrasal verbs that relate to romance, if we suddenly have strong romantic feelings for someone, we may say that we fall for them: Dan was good-looking and charming and I just fell for him.

A common way to say that two people are having a romantic relationship is to say that they are going out (together): Ava and Isaac have been going out for over a year now.

Sadly, not all romantic relationships last. If a couple start arguing a lot, you might say they go through difficulties, (often in the phrase ‘go through a bad patch’): Charles and Sophie went through a bad patch a while back, but I think they’re over it now.

If, over time, a couple gradually become less close until the point when the relationship ends, you may say that they drift apart: There was no big argument – we just gradually drifted apart.

If a married couple or a couple who are going out split up or break up, they end their relationship.
Let’s remember that people who fall out can sometimes make up (= forgive each other and become friends or lovers again).

Vocabulario – B1/B2 adjectives for rented housing

Below is typical English vocabulary used by Real Estate Agents to describe rental properties.

Character
Traditional
Charming
Chic
Contemporary
Modern
Light
Spacious
Well proportioned
Well appointed rooms
Compact
Spectacular
Central location
City living
Easy walking distance
Amenities etc. on your doorstep
Ample parking
Short term/long term lease

Vocabulario inglés – el cuerpo – B2/C1

Below are adjectives and nouns in English to describe people and how they look.

Body Type

Obese, fat, chubby, corpulent, slim, slender, sinuous, lithe, svelte, thin, skinny, muscular, big, big boned, stocky, rotund, pot-bellied, small-framed, small-boned, petite, short, tal

Face

Beautiful, handsome, pretty, stunning, striking, distinguished, gorgeous; drop dead gorgeous, elfen, boyish, hideous, grotesque, repugnant, baby faced

Hair

Short haired, long haired, fair haired, dark haired, thinning, balding, receding, unruly, neat, tidy, fine, fly away, frizzy, curly, wavey, straight, wispy, thick, glossy, dull

Nouns

A stunner +
A babe +
A dreamboat +
A hottie +
A pig
A dog
A looker +
A hunk +
A beefcake +

Vocabulario inglés – celebrity

English vocabulary for Celebrity, B2 level.

Nouns
Fame
Infamy (-)
Glamour
Glitz
Gossip
Stardom
Starlet
Star
Celebrity
Icon
Role model
Gold digger

Phrases and expressions
boy band/girl group
a male/female band who often just sing and dance

to be destined for stardom
to have a high chance of becoming famous

rising star
becoming famous

talent shows
contests involving people with skills like singers

to have a bright future ahead of them
their later life will be positive

to be an overnight success
to become famous very quickly and gain lots of attention

to become famous almost overnight
to get fame very quickly

to be a household name
a famous person whose name is well-known

at his/her peak
when he/she was most famous/creative/productive

newspaper gossip columns
sections in a newspaper for rumours about famous people

the rumour mill
when gossip is spread

to dry up
work, talent to decrease to zero

time will tell
the result/conclusion can only be seen at a later date in a career

big break
to be discovered and become famous

one trick pony/one hit wonder
able to do only one thing

victim of own success
to have problems because of fame

claim to fame
reason for fame

Vocabulario y escritura inglés – Climate change essay

Here are some ideas related to the environment, that you can use in the writing or speaking part of your Cambridge English exam.

Talking about the size of the problem

crisis
Climate change is a crisis that cannot be ignored by governments.

record levels/amount
Despite the claims of some scientists, we are now producing record levels of CO2 and there is no dispute about the connection this and global warming.

disaster/disastrous
It is not an exaggeration to say that the effects of global warming are disastrous.

global
Although some areas are relatively unaffected now, climate change is a global problem.

irreversible
The major concern is that the effects of our actions on the climate will be irreversible.

long-term
The effects of our use of fossil fuels today may last for generations and it is almost certain to have long-term consequences for humanity.


Negative Effects

This group of climate change vocabulary gives you language to explain what the effects are. As you read through the examples note the different language I use for effects and probability.

ill-health
It sometimes goes unnoticed that there is a clear connection between climate change and ill-health.

floods/rainstorms
One result of the rising temperatures is that floods and rainstorms are now a frequent occurrence.

the Polar ice cap
One major concern is that rising temperatures in the Arctic are causing the Polar ice cap to melt, which in turn is leading to rising sea levels.

heatwaves and droughts
Most experts agree that there is an increased risk of heatwaves and other extreme weather conditions.

the natural world
Climate change will not only have a severe impact on people, but also devastate the natural world and lead to the extinction of important species.

food shortages
We are already seeing in many parts of the world that climate change is leading to food shortages as a direct consequence of extreme weather conditions.

housing/homelessness
One side-effect of rising sea levels is that more and more people who live by the coast will become homeless.

conflicts/wars
If no action is taken on climate change, then it is likely that there will be more conflicts between nations, especially over water supplies.

cost
It has been shown that any delay in making emission cuts will increase the cost of reducing carbon dioxide by almost 50%.


Causes

You may also need to discuss the causes of climate change too. You don’t need any very technical knowledge and this vocabulary should be enough. Again, note the cause language.

human activity
It is no longer possible to say that human activity does not affect weather conditions.

greenhouse gas emissions
If we are to halt climate change, we need to make substantial reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.

power stations
One of the leading causes of climate change is the number of dirty power stations using fossil fuels.

carbon emissions
Carbon emissions are still rising year by year and are at record levels.

illegal logging and deforestation
It should not be forgotten that illegal logging in the Amazon Basin is still a major factor in climate change.

burning fossil fuels
Individuals can make a small contribution by not burning wood and other fossil fuels.

CO2
The root cause of much global warming is the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere.


Possible solutions

These words and phrases show different kinds of solutions. Some show what should be done (use more renewable energy and invest money), others show how it should be done (quickly and together).

wind and solar power
An obvious solution is to deploy much more wind and solar power.

renewable energy
Wind farms and other sources of renewable energy will help to reduce Co2 emissions to an acceptable level.

international action/cooperation
International action on climate change could have a significant impact.

quick/immediate action
Any action should be immediate because this is not a problem that can be delayed.

investment
There should be greater incentives to invest in renewables and to reduce the current reliance on fossil fuels.

decommission power stations
It goes without saying that coal-fuelled power stations should be decommissioned.

protest/campaign
Individuals can help force governments to act by taking part in legal protests against the continuing use of fossil fuels.

energy efficiency and waste
A greater emphasis on energy efficiency and reducing waste would undoubtedly mean that less fuel was consumed.


Ways of taking action

Climate change is a problem – that almost everyone can agree on. When you have a problem, you need to take action. These words and phrases give you a variety of ways of saying that. Note the different structures used with these verbs.

cope
It is clear that national governments are no longer able to cope by themselves with the problem.

tackle
A global solution is necessary as only international bodies will be able to tackle climate change.

avert
Investment in renewable energy will help avert the impact of the CO2 emissions.

prevent
The only way to prevent a disaster is to reduce these emissions to zero.

act/take action
Governments should take decisive action to halt global warming.

fight/combat
A way needs to be found to make combatting global warmingthat is affordable.

sustainable and affordable
The key is to ensure that all countries around the world have the chance to adopt energy


How individuals can help

You may be asked what we as individuals can do about climate change. Here are some ideas – there are plenty of them:

lobby MPs
If enough of us lobbied our MPs and other elected representatives then they would have to bring in legislation.

participate in peaceful protests
Another possibility is to take part in marches and other peaceful protests to apply pressure on governments and raise awareness of the issue..

community projects
In some areas there are small-scale community projects to encourage local residents to install solar panels and, in some places, help pay for them.

share transport
We also have the responsibility to consider how we contribute to global warming by making unnecessary car journeys. We can always cycle to work, have a joint school run with other parents and even share a car on the daily commute to work.

diet and our carbon footprint
Reducing food wastage is perhaps the way individuals can minimise their carbon footprint and so help global warming.

energy-efficient lightbulbs
Another small way in which we can use less energy is to switch to energy efficient lightbulbs.

solar panels
There are an increasing number of solar panels on the market and these can not only reduce energy bills but also mean that less carbon fuel is consumed.

heat insulation
Likewise, it is important that people insulate their houses well so that less gas and electricity is consumed.

Vocabulario – B1/B2 Concerts

Here you can find English vocabulary related to concerts and performance. It is useful for both the speaking and writing parts of the exam, and of course in everyday life.

Performer
Artist
Recording artist
(Record label, record deal)
Band
Group

Open air concert
Music festival
A spectacle
An extravaganza

Audience
Concert goers
Fans
Groupies

Backstage
Backstage pass/VIP pass
Roadies
Sound engineer
Lighting engineer
Sound check
Rehearsal
Run through